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AAN -v- BUTTERFIELD [2021] WASC 228 (13 July 2021)

The appellant was charged for breaching the self-quarantine directions.  The appellant was convicted on his plea of guilty, sentenced with a term of imprisonment of 7 months with 2 months to be served immediately and 5 months suspended for 12 months.  He appeals such sentence alleging that there is miscarriage of justice. 


On 29 December 2020, the appellant arrived at Perth airport from Victoria.  The Victorian Outbreak Recently Arrived Travellers Self-Quarantine Directions 2020 required persons travelling from Victoria between 21 December 2020 and 31 December 2020 to quarantine immediately. 

The appellant was advised by the WA Police accordingly and was required to quarantine immediately.  13 days into the appellant's self-quarantine period, police officers attended the address in Ardross and the appellant was not present.  The appellant said in his interview with the police that he went to a friend's house earlier in the morning.   The appellant had been tested for COVID-19 on 9 January 2021, however, at the time of the offending, he did not know the results of the test.

On 3 March 2021 the appellant was convicted on his plea of guilty to one charge of failing to comply with self-quarantine directions.

The appellant was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 7 months with 2 months to be served immediately and 5 months suspended for 12 months.  The appellant applied for leave to appeal against the sentence imposed on him. 


I. Whether or not the sentence was manifestly excessive. 

II. Whether or not the magistrate erred in law. 

Applicable law:

Emergency Management Act 2005 (WA), ss 3 67 70 72A 86 - enacted in 2005 to 'provide for prompt and coordinated organisation of emergency management in the State

Sentencing Act 1995 (WA), ss 9AA6267 - provides that the magistrate should specifically identify the fact of the discount for the plea of guilty and further. 

Criminal Appeals Act 2004 (WA), s 14 - provides that the appeal should be dismissed if the magistrate's error did not give rise to a substantial miscarriage of justice.


At the beginning of the sentencing hearing, before the material facts were read, the magistrate asked if the appellant wished to obtain legal advice.  The appellant said he did not wish to do so.  When the appellant started to provide some further information as to his reason for breach of quarantine, the magistrate interrupted the appellant and then began his sentencing remarks. 

The respondent accepted that the magistrate erred in failing to inform the appellant of the seriousness of the charge and the penalties which may be imposed including the risk of being sentenced to a term of imprisonment. 

The magistrate failed to draw to the attention of the unrepresented appellant that he was considering imposing a period of imprisonment.  Having regard to the two character references speaking highly of the appellant, personal deterrence is less significant and a more lenient sentence than that imposed is appropriate. 


The Court ordered the leave to appeal granted in respect of ground 3 of the amended appeal notice.  The appeal was allowed while the sentence imposed by the magistrate on 3 March 2021 be set aside.  The appellant is sentenced to a Community Based Order for a period of six months, with a community service requirement of 60 hours and a spent conviction order be made in respect of the conviction entered on 3 March 2021. 


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